Topaz vs. Yellow Sapphire

What's the Difference?

Topaz and Yellow Sapphire are both beautiful gemstones that are known for their vibrant yellow color. However, there are some differences between the two. Topaz is a silicate mineral that can come in various colors, including yellow, while Yellow Sapphire is a variety of the mineral corundum and is exclusively yellow. Topaz is generally less expensive and more readily available than Yellow Sapphire. In terms of hardness, Yellow Sapphire is slightly harder than Topaz, making it more durable and suitable for everyday wear. Both gemstones are believed to have metaphysical properties, with Topaz associated with clarity and Yellow Sapphire associated with prosperity and abundance. Ultimately, the choice between Topaz and Yellow Sapphire depends on personal preference and budget.


AttributeTopazYellow Sapphire
ColorVarious shades of yellow, brown, blue, pinkYellow, golden, orange, sometimes with a hint of green
Hardness8 on the Mohs scale9 on the Mohs scale
Chemical FormulaAl2SiO4(F,OH)2Al2O3
Crystal SystemOrthorhombicHexagonal
OriginFound in various countries including Brazil, Russia, and Sri LankaFound in countries like Sri Lanka, Madagascar, and Thailand
Birthstone MonthNovemberSeptember
Associated Zodiac SignSagittariusVirgo

Further Detail


Gemstones have captivated humans for centuries with their beauty and mystical properties. Two popular gemstones that often catch the eye are Topaz and Yellow Sapphire. While both gemstones share a vibrant yellow color, they possess distinct attributes that set them apart. In this article, we will explore the unique characteristics of Topaz and Yellow Sapphire, including their origin, color variations, hardness, clarity, and astrological significance.


Topaz is a silicate mineral that can be found in various countries worldwide, including Brazil, Russia, Sri Lanka, and the United States. It forms in igneous rocks and can be discovered in a range of colors, including yellow, blue, pink, and even colorless. On the other hand, Yellow Sapphire, also known as Pukhraj, is a variety of the mineral corundum. It is primarily sourced from countries like Sri Lanka, Thailand, Australia, and Madagascar. Yellow Sapphires are renowned for their intense yellow hue, which is often associated with the sun.

Color Variations

When it comes to color variations, Topaz offers a broader spectrum compared to Yellow Sapphire. While Topaz is commonly known for its yellow color, it can also be found in shades of blue, pink, brown, and even colorless. The most valuable and sought-after Topaz is the Imperial Topaz, which exhibits a rich golden-orange hue. On the other hand, Yellow Sapphire lives up to its name, displaying a stunning range of yellow shades, from pale lemon to deep canary yellow. The intensity of the color often determines the value of a Yellow Sapphire.


When evaluating gemstones, hardness plays a crucial role in determining their durability and resistance to scratches. Topaz ranks 8 on the Mohs scale of hardness, making it a relatively hard gemstone. However, it is important to note that Topaz can be prone to cleavage, meaning it can break along its crystal planes if subjected to a strong impact. On the other hand, Yellow Sapphire boasts an impressive hardness of 9 on the Mohs scale, making it one of the hardest gemstones available. Its exceptional hardness ensures that Yellow Sapphire can withstand daily wear and tear, making it an excellent choice for jewelry.


Clarity refers to the presence of inclusions or imperfections within a gemstone. In this aspect, Topaz and Yellow Sapphire differ significantly. Topaz is known for its high clarity, often appearing transparent or with minimal inclusions. However, it is worth mentioning that some Topaz varieties, such as the Mystic Topaz, may exhibit a rainbow-like iridescence due to a special coating applied to the stone. On the other hand, Yellow Sapphire can have varying levels of clarity, ranging from eye-clean stones with no visible inclusions to stones with minor inclusions that do not affect their overall beauty. Inclusions in Yellow Sapphire are generally accepted as long as they do not hinder the gem's transparency or brilliance.

Astrological Significance

Both Topaz and Yellow Sapphire hold significant astrological importance in different cultures. In Vedic astrology, Yellow Sapphire is associated with the planet Jupiter and is believed to bring prosperity, wisdom, and good fortune to the wearer. It is often recommended for individuals seeking success in education, business, or spiritual pursuits. On the other hand, Topaz is associated with the planet Sun and is believed to enhance confidence, creativity, and self-expression. It is often considered a stone of abundance and is said to bring joy and happiness to the wearer.


In conclusion, while Topaz and Yellow Sapphire share a similar yellow color, they possess distinct attributes that make them unique. Topaz offers a wider range of colors, including yellow, blue, pink, and colorless, while Yellow Sapphire showcases a stunning array of yellow shades. In terms of hardness, Yellow Sapphire surpasses Topaz, ranking higher on the Mohs scale. Clarity-wise, Topaz tends to have higher clarity levels, while Yellow Sapphire can have varying levels of inclusions. Lastly, both gemstones hold astrological significance, with Yellow Sapphire associated with prosperity and wisdom, and Topaz associated with confidence and abundance. Whether you choose Topaz or Yellow Sapphire, both gemstones are sure to add a touch of elegance and charm to any jewelry collection.

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