What's the Difference?

PTFE (Polytetrafluoroethylene) and PVDF (Polyvinylidene fluoride) are both high-performance fluoropolymers with unique properties. PTFE is known for its exceptional chemical resistance, low friction coefficient, and high temperature stability. It is widely used in applications such as non-stick coatings, electrical insulation, and sealing materials. On the other hand, PVDF offers excellent mechanical strength, UV resistance, and flame retardancy. It is commonly utilized in industries like chemical processing, electrical and electronics, and construction. While PTFE is more chemically inert, PVDF exhibits better mechanical properties. The choice between the two depends on the specific requirements of the application at hand.


Melting Point327°C177°C
Density2.15 g/cm³1.78 g/cm³
Tensile Strength25-35 MPa40-60 MPa
Flexural Strength14-20 MPa50-70 MPa
Chemical ResistanceExcellentExcellent
Electrical InsulationExcellentExcellent
Thermal Conductivity0.25 W/m·K0.15 W/m·K
UV ResistanceExcellentGood

Further Detail


When it comes to choosing the right material for various applications, it is essential to consider the specific attributes and characteristics of each option. In this article, we will compare two popular fluoropolymers: PTFE (Polytetrafluoroethylene) and PVDF (Polyvinylidene Fluoride). Both materials offer unique properties that make them suitable for a wide range of applications. By understanding their similarities and differences, you can make an informed decision about which material is best suited for your specific needs.

Chemical Resistance

One of the primary reasons why PTFE and PVDF are widely used in various industries is their exceptional chemical resistance. PTFE is known for its unparalleled resistance to almost all chemicals, including acids, bases, solvents, and even highly reactive substances. This makes it an ideal choice for applications where exposure to aggressive chemicals is expected, such as in chemical processing, pharmaceuticals, and semiconductor manufacturing.

PVDF, on the other hand, also exhibits excellent chemical resistance, although it may not be as extensive as PTFE. PVDF is resistant to most acids, bases, and organic solvents, making it suitable for applications in the chemical industry, water treatment, and oil and gas. However, PVDF may not be as resistant to certain highly reactive chemicals as PTFE, so it is crucial to consider the specific chemical environment when selecting between the two materials.

Thermal Stability

Both PTFE and PVDF offer remarkable thermal stability, allowing them to withstand high temperatures without significant degradation. PTFE has an exceptional operating temperature range, with a melting point of around 327°C (621°F) and a continuous service temperature of up to 260°C (500°F). This makes it suitable for applications that involve exposure to extreme heat, such as in aerospace, automotive, and electrical industries.

PVDF, on the other hand, has a lower melting point compared to PTFE, typically around 177°C (350°F). However, it still exhibits excellent thermal stability and can operate continuously at temperatures up to 150°C (302°F). This makes PVDF a suitable choice for applications that require moderate heat resistance, such as in electrical insulation, wire and cable coatings, and heat exchangers.

Mechanical Properties

When it comes to mechanical properties, PTFE and PVDF have distinct characteristics. PTFE is well-known for its low friction coefficient, making it an excellent choice for applications that require lubricity, such as bearings, seals, and gaskets. Additionally, PTFE has a low surface energy, which gives it excellent non-stick properties, making it widely used in cookware and food processing equipment.

PVDF, on the other hand, offers a unique combination of mechanical properties. It has a high tensile strength, good impact resistance, and excellent dimensional stability. These attributes make PVDF suitable for applications that require structural integrity, such as pipes, fittings, and tanks. PVDF also exhibits good abrasion resistance, which further enhances its durability in demanding environments.

Electrical Properties

Both PTFE and PVDF possess excellent electrical properties, making them widely used in electrical and electronic applications. PTFE has a very high dielectric strength, low dielectric constant, and low dissipation factor, making it suitable for high-frequency applications, such as in coaxial cables, connectors, and insulators. PTFE is also an excellent electrical insulator, providing exceptional electrical resistance.

PVDF, on the other hand, has piezoelectric properties, meaning it can generate an electric charge when subjected to mechanical stress. This unique attribute makes PVDF suitable for applications such as sensors, actuators, and transducers. PVDF also exhibits good resistance to electrical tracking and has a high dielectric constant, making it useful in applications that require capacitors and other energy storage devices.

Processing and Fabrication

When it comes to processing and fabrication, PTFE and PVDF have some differences. PTFE is a challenging material to process due to its high melt viscosity and non-melting nature. It requires specialized techniques such as compression molding, ram extrusion, or paste extrusion to shape it into desired forms. PTFE is also difficult to bond or weld, requiring specific surface treatments or adhesive systems.

PVDF, on the other hand, is relatively easier to process compared to PTFE. It can be processed using various techniques, including injection molding, extrusion, and thermoforming. PVDF can also be easily welded or bonded using standard techniques, allowing for easier fabrication of complex shapes and structures.


PTFE and PVDF are both exceptional fluoropolymers that offer unique attributes and characteristics. PTFE stands out with its unmatched chemical resistance, high-temperature stability, low friction coefficient, and excellent electrical properties. PVDF, on the other hand, offers good chemical resistance, moderate heat resistance, high tensile strength, and unique piezoelectric properties.

When choosing between PTFE and PVDF, it is crucial to consider the specific requirements of your application. If you need superior chemical resistance and high-temperature stability, PTFE may be the better choice. On the other hand, if you require good chemical resistance, moderate heat resistance, and unique piezoelectric properties, PVDF may be the more suitable option. Ultimately, understanding the attributes of each material will help you make an informed decision and ensure the success of your application.

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