PA6 vs. PA66

What's the Difference?

PA6 and PA66 are both types of nylon polymers commonly used in various industries. PA6, also known as nylon 6, is made from a single monomer called caprolactam. It has a lower melting point and is more flexible compared to PA66. On the other hand, PA66, also known as nylon 66, is made from two monomers, adipic acid and hexamethylenediamine. It has a higher melting point and is more rigid and durable than PA6. PA66 also exhibits better resistance to heat, chemicals, and abrasion. Both PA6 and PA66 have excellent strength and stiffness, making them suitable for applications such as automotive parts, electrical connectors, and consumer goods. The choice between PA6 and PA66 depends on the specific requirements of the application, considering factors like temperature, mechanical stress, and chemical exposure.


Chemical FormulaC12H22N2O2C12H22N4O2
Melting Point220-230°C255-260°C
Glass Transition Temperature50-60°C50-60°C
Tensile Strength70-80 MPa80-90 MPa
Elongation at Break200-300%200-300%
Density1.14-1.16 g/cm³1.13-1.15 g/cm³
Water Absorption1.5-3%1-2%
Chemical ResistanceGoodExcellent

Further Detail


When it comes to engineering plastics, polyamides (PA) are widely used due to their excellent mechanical properties, high thermal stability, and good chemical resistance. Two commonly used types of polyamides are PA6 and PA66. While they share some similarities, they also have distinct differences that make them suitable for different applications. In this article, we will compare the attributes of PA6 and PA66, exploring their mechanical properties, thermal stability, chemical resistance, processability, and cost.

Mechanical Properties

Both PA6 and PA66 offer excellent mechanical properties, making them suitable for various applications. They have high tensile strength, good impact resistance, and excellent fatigue resistance. However, PA66 generally exhibits higher mechanical strength compared to PA6. This is due to the difference in their molecular structure. PA66 has a higher melting point and a more ordered crystalline structure, resulting in improved stiffness and strength. On the other hand, PA6 has a slightly higher elongation at break, making it more ductile and better able to withstand impact forces.

Thermal Stability

Thermal stability is an important consideration when selecting a polyamide for high-temperature applications. Both PA6 and PA66 offer good thermal stability, but PA66 has a higher melting point and can withstand higher temperatures. PA6 typically has a melting point around 220°C, while PA66 has a melting point around 260°C. This higher melting point of PA66 allows it to retain its mechanical properties at elevated temperatures, making it suitable for applications that require prolonged exposure to heat.

Chemical Resistance

Chemical resistance is another crucial factor to consider when choosing between PA6 and PA66. Both polyamides exhibit good resistance to many chemicals, including oils, greases, and aliphatic hydrocarbons. However, PA66 generally offers better resistance to solvents and chemicals compared to PA6. This is due to the presence of a higher number of amide linkages in the polymer chain of PA66, which enhances its chemical resistance. PA66 is particularly resistant to strong acids and bases, making it suitable for applications in harsh chemical environments.


The processability of a polymer is an important consideration during manufacturing. PA6 and PA66 have different melt viscosities, which can affect their processability. PA6 has a lower melt viscosity compared to PA66, making it easier to process. It flows more readily during injection molding, allowing for faster cycle times and better mold filling. On the other hand, PA66 has a higher melt viscosity, which can result in longer cycle times and require higher processing temperatures. However, the higher melt viscosity of PA66 also contributes to its improved mechanical properties, as it allows for better molecular orientation during processing.


Cost is often a significant factor in material selection. In general, PA6 is more cost-effective compared to PA66. The production process for PA6 is simpler and less expensive, resulting in a lower price point. PA66, on the other hand, requires additional steps and raw materials, making it more expensive. However, it is important to consider the specific requirements of the application when evaluating cost, as the superior properties of PA66 may justify the higher price in certain cases.


PA6 and PA66 are both excellent engineering plastics with a wide range of applications. While they share similarities in terms of mechanical properties, thermal stability, and chemical resistance, they also have distinct differences. PA66 offers higher mechanical strength, better thermal stability, and improved chemical resistance compared to PA6. On the other hand, PA6 has better ductility and is more cost-effective. The choice between PA6 and PA66 ultimately depends on the specific requirements of the application, considering factors such as mechanical performance, temperature resistance, chemical exposure, processability, and cost.

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