Objective vs. Subjective

What's the Difference?

Objective and subjective are two contrasting terms used to describe different perspectives or approaches. Objective refers to a viewpoint that is based on facts, evidence, and observable phenomena. It is unbiased and independent of personal opinions or emotions. On the other hand, subjective refers to a viewpoint that is influenced by personal opinions, emotions, and individual experiences. It is inherently biased and can vary from person to person. While objective focuses on the external reality, subjective focuses on the internal perception and interpretation of that reality.


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DefinitionBased on facts, reality, and observable phenomena.Based on personal opinions, feelings, and interpretations.
VerifiabilityCan be verified through evidence and empirical data.Cannot be easily verified as it varies from person to person.
UniversalApplies to everyone universally.Varies from individual to individual.
SubjectivityMinimal or no subjectivity involved.Highly subjective, influenced by personal experiences and biases.
MeasurementCan be measured objectively.Difficult to measure objectively.
ConsensusObjective facts tend to have a higher chance of reaching consensus.Subjective opinions may vary, making consensus harder to achieve.
EmotionLess influenced by emotions.Often influenced by emotions and personal feelings.
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Further Detail


Objective and subjective are two fundamental concepts that play a significant role in various aspects of our lives, including perception, knowledge, and decision-making. Understanding the attributes of objective and subjective can help us navigate through different situations and make informed judgments. In this article, we will delve into the characteristics of objective and subjective, exploring their differences and similarities.


Objective refers to something that is based on facts, evidence, and observable reality. It is independent of personal opinions, emotions, and biases. Objective information can be verified and measured, providing a clear and unbiased view of a particular subject. In objective analysis, the focus is on gathering and interpreting data without personal interpretation or influence.

One of the key attributes of objectivity is its universality. Objective statements or facts hold true regardless of individual perspectives or beliefs. For example, the statement "The Earth revolves around the Sun" is an objective fact supported by scientific evidence and observations. It remains true regardless of personal opinions or cultural differences.

Another attribute of objectivity is its reliability. Objective information is based on concrete evidence and can be replicated or verified by others. It allows for consistency and fosters trust in the information presented. Scientific experiments, for instance, follow rigorous protocols to ensure objectivity in their findings, enabling other researchers to replicate the experiments and validate the results.

Objectivity also promotes impartiality and fairness. By removing personal biases and emotions, objective analysis aims to provide an equal and unbiased assessment of a situation or topic. This attribute is particularly important in fields such as journalism, where reporters strive to present news objectively, separating facts from opinions.

Lastly, objectivity often involves quantitative measurements and data-driven analysis. It relies on empirical evidence, statistical analysis, and logical reasoning to draw conclusions. This approach allows for a systematic and structured understanding of complex phenomena, enabling objective decision-making based on objective criteria.


Subjective, in contrast to objective, refers to something that is influenced by personal opinions, emotions, and individual experiences. It is inherently tied to the subject's perspective and cannot be universally applied or measured in the same way as objective information. Subjectivity acknowledges the role of human interpretation and acknowledges that different individuals may have different subjective experiences or viewpoints.

Subjective experiences are often associated with emotions, aesthetics, and personal preferences. For example, the statement "This painting is beautiful" is subjective because beauty is a subjective concept that varies from person to person. It depends on individual taste, cultural background, and personal experiences.

Subjectivity also plays a crucial role in fields such as literature, art, and philosophy. These disciplines often explore subjective experiences, emotions, and interpretations of the world. They recognize that subjective perspectives can provide valuable insights and contribute to a deeper understanding of human nature and the complexities of existence.

Unlike objectivity, subjectivity allows for creativity, individual expression, and diverse viewpoints. It acknowledges that different people may have different interpretations of the same event or phenomenon. Subjective opinions can be influenced by personal values, beliefs, and cultural backgrounds, leading to a rich tapestry of perspectives.

However, subjectivity can also be a source of bias and inconsistency. Personal biases and emotions can cloud judgment and lead to subjective interpretations that may not align with objective reality. It is important to recognize the limitations of subjectivity and strive for a balanced approach that incorporates both subjective and objective elements.


While objective and subjective are distinct concepts, they are not mutually exclusive. In many situations, they coexist and complement each other, providing a more comprehensive understanding of a given subject. Let's explore some key points of comparison between objective and subjective attributes:

1. Verifiability

Objective information is verifiable and can be supported by empirical evidence, measurements, and observations. It can be tested and validated by multiple individuals, leading to a consensus on its accuracy. Subjective information, on the other hand, is not easily verifiable as it relies on personal experiences, opinions, and emotions that cannot be objectively measured or replicated.

2. Universality

Objective information is universal and applies to everyone regardless of their personal beliefs or perspectives. It is independent of individual experiences or cultural backgrounds. Subjective information, however, is highly individualized and varies from person to person. It is influenced by personal biases, emotions, and cultural factors, making it subjective to each individual's unique perspective.

3. Reliability

Objective information is considered more reliable due to its basis in concrete evidence and rigorous methodologies. It follows established protocols and can be replicated to ensure consistency and accuracy. Subjective information, while valuable in providing personal insights, is less reliable as it is influenced by individual biases, emotions, and interpretations that may not align with objective reality.

4. Impartiality

Objectivity aims to be impartial and unbiased, removing personal opinions and emotions from the analysis. It strives to present a fair and balanced view of a subject. Subjectivity, on the other hand, embraces personal opinions and emotions, acknowledging the role they play in shaping individual perspectives. It does not aim for impartiality but rather encourages diverse viewpoints and personal expression.

5. Contextual Relevance

Objective information is often context-independent and can be applied universally. It provides a general understanding of a subject that is not limited to specific situations or individuals. Subjective information, however, is highly context-dependent and may vary based on the specific circumstances, personal experiences, and cultural backgrounds of individuals.


Objective and subjective are two essential concepts that shape our understanding of the world. While objectivity relies on facts, evidence, and universality, subjectivity embraces personal opinions, emotions, and individual experiences. Both attributes have their strengths and limitations, and a balanced approach that incorporates both can lead to a more comprehensive understanding of complex issues. By recognizing the attributes of objective and subjective, we can navigate through different situations, make informed decisions, and appreciate the diversity of perspectives that enrich our lives.

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