Neoliberalism vs. Neorealism

What's the Difference?

Neoliberalism and neorealism are two distinct theories in international relations that offer different perspectives on how states interact with each other. Neoliberalism emphasizes the importance of international institutions, cooperation, and economic interdependence in shaping global politics. It argues that states can achieve mutual benefits through cooperation and negotiation, and that economic liberalism and free trade can lead to peace and stability. On the other hand, neorealism focuses on the distribution of power among states as the primary driver of international relations. It argues that states are primarily concerned with their own security and survival, and that the anarchic nature of the international system leads to a constant struggle for power and influence. While neoliberalism emphasizes cooperation and institutions, neorealism emphasizes power dynamics and self-interest.



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