NBR vs. PA66

What's the Difference?

NBR (Nitrile Butadiene Rubber) and PA66 (Polyamide 66) are both synthetic polymers widely used in various industries. NBR is a type of rubber known for its excellent resistance to oil, fuel, and chemicals, making it suitable for applications such as seals, gaskets, and hoses in automotive and industrial settings. On the other hand, PA66 is a type of nylon known for its high strength, stiffness, and heat resistance. It is commonly used in engineering applications such as automotive parts, electrical connectors, and consumer goods. While NBR offers superior resistance to oils and chemicals, PA66 provides better mechanical properties and thermal stability. The choice between NBR and PA66 depends on the specific requirements of the application at hand.


Chemical StructureNitrile rubberPolyamide 66
Physical StateSolidSolid
Tensile StrengthGoodExcellent
Temperature ResistanceGoodExcellent
Chemical ResistanceGoodExcellent
Oil ResistanceExcellentGood
Abrasion ResistanceGoodExcellent
Water ResistanceGoodGood
Electrical InsulationGoodGood

Further Detail


When it comes to choosing the right material for various applications, engineers and manufacturers often find themselves comparing different options. Two commonly used materials in various industries are NBR (Nitrile Butadiene Rubber) and PA66 (Polyamide 66). While both materials have their own unique properties and advantages, understanding their attributes can help in making an informed decision. In this article, we will compare the attributes of NBR and PA66, highlighting their strengths and applications.

Chemical Composition

NBR is a synthetic rubber made from the copolymerization of butadiene and acrylonitrile. The acrylonitrile content in NBR can vary, affecting its overall properties. On the other hand, PA66 is a type of polyamide made from the polymerization of hexamethylenediamine and adipic acid. The resulting polymer chain structure of PA66 gives it excellent mechanical strength and thermal stability.

Mechanical Properties

When it comes to mechanical properties, both NBR and PA66 offer unique advantages. NBR exhibits excellent resistance to compression set, making it ideal for applications requiring sealing or gasketing. It also has good tensile strength and tear resistance, allowing it to withstand dynamic loads. PA66, on the other hand, has exceptional tensile strength, stiffness, and impact resistance. These properties make it suitable for applications requiring structural integrity and durability.

Chemical Resistance

Chemical resistance is a crucial factor to consider when selecting a material for specific applications. NBR has excellent resistance to oils, fuels, and many chemicals, making it widely used in automotive and oil industry applications. However, it may not be suitable for applications involving exposure to strong acids or polar solvents. PA66, on the other hand, exhibits good resistance to many chemicals, including acids and solvents. This makes it suitable for applications in the chemical industry and electrical components exposed to various substances.

Temperature Resistance

Temperature resistance is an important consideration, especially in applications where materials are exposed to extreme temperatures. NBR has a relatively low-temperature resistance compared to PA66. It can typically withstand temperatures ranging from -40°C to 120°C (-40°F to 248°F). PA66, on the other hand, has a higher temperature resistance, with a typical range of -40°C to 150°C (-40°F to 302°F). This makes PA66 more suitable for applications requiring prolonged exposure to high temperatures.

Water and Moisture Resistance

Both NBR and PA66 exhibit good resistance to water and moisture. NBR has low water absorption, making it suitable for applications where exposure to water or moisture is expected. It also maintains its properties in humid environments. PA66, on the other hand, has a slightly higher water absorption rate compared to NBR. However, it still retains its mechanical properties and dimensional stability in wet conditions, making it suitable for various applications.

Electrical Properties

Electrical properties play a crucial role in applications where materials are used in electrical components or insulation. NBR has good electrical insulation properties, making it suitable for applications requiring electrical resistance. It also exhibits low dielectric constant and dissipation factor. PA66, on the other hand, has excellent electrical properties, including high dielectric strength and low dielectric loss. These properties make it ideal for electrical connectors, insulators, and other applications requiring reliable electrical performance.


Both NBR and PA66 find applications in various industries due to their unique attributes. NBR is commonly used in automotive seals, gaskets, O-rings, hoses, and oil-resistant components. It is also used in the oil and gas industry for seals and gaskets exposed to hydrocarbons. PA66, on the other hand, is widely used in the automotive industry for engine components, electrical connectors, and structural parts. It is also used in consumer goods, electrical and electronic components, and industrial applications where high mechanical strength and durability are required.


In conclusion, NBR and PA66 are two versatile materials with distinct attributes. NBR offers excellent resistance to compression set, good tensile strength, and chemical resistance to oils and fuels. PA66, on the other hand, provides exceptional mechanical strength, stiffness, and chemical resistance to a wide range of substances. Understanding the specific requirements of an application is crucial in selecting the most suitable material. Whether it's sealing, gasketing, electrical components, or structural parts, both NBR and PA66 have their own advantages and can be tailored to meet specific needs.

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