Nabi vs. Rasool

What's the Difference?

Nabi and Rasool are two important terms in Islam that refer to different roles and responsibilities. Nabi, meaning "prophet," is someone chosen by Allah to deliver His message to the people. They receive divine revelations and guidance, and their primary role is to guide and teach the people about the oneness of Allah and the principles of Islam. On the other hand, Rasool, meaning "messenger," is a higher rank than Nabi. Rasools are also chosen by Allah, but they are given a specific scripture or book to deliver to the people, such as the Quran revealed to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). While all Rasools are Nabis, not all Nabis are Rasools. The key difference lies in the fact that Rasools are entrusted with a specific message for the guidance of humanity, while Nabis may not necessarily have a new scripture to deliver.


MeaningA prophetAn apostle or messenger
RoleGuides people towards the right pathDelivers a specific message or revelation
Divine AppointmentChosen by AllahChosen by Allah
NumberMany prophets throughout historyOnly a few messengers mentioned in the Quran
RevelationReceive divine revelationsReceive divine revelations
ScriptureSome prophets brought scripturesSome messengers brought scriptures
GuidanceProvide guidance to their respective communitiesProvide guidance to their respective communities
Universal MessageProphets' teachings are applicable to allMessengers' teachings are applicable to all
FinalityProphethood continues after Muhammad (PBUH)Muhammad (PBUH) is the final messenger

Further Detail


In Islam, the terms "Nabi" and "Rasool" hold significant importance as they refer to two distinct roles within the prophetic tradition. While both Nabi and Rasool are messengers of Allah, they differ in their specific attributes and responsibilities. In this article, we will explore the characteristics of Nabi and Rasool, highlighting their unique roles and contributions to the Islamic faith.

Nabi: The Prophet

A Nabi, meaning "prophet" in Arabic, is an individual chosen by Allah to receive divine revelations and guidance. Prophets are sent to guide their respective communities, providing moral and spiritual teachings to lead people towards righteousness. Nabis are known for their exceptional character, wisdom, and ability to communicate with Allah through revelations.

One of the key attributes of a Nabi is their ability to interpret and convey the divine message to their people. They serve as intermediaries between Allah and humanity, relaying His commandments, warnings, and promises. Nabis are also known for their unwavering faith and dedication to Allah, setting an example for their followers through their actions and teachings.

Furthermore, Nabis are often chosen from among their people, allowing them to understand the specific challenges and needs of their community. This enables them to provide guidance that is relevant and applicable to the circumstances of their time. Nabis are also known for their compassion and mercy towards their followers, guiding them with love and understanding.

Additionally, Nabis are not granted a new set of laws or scriptures but rather reinforce and uphold the existing divine laws revealed to previous prophets. They act as a continuation of the prophetic tradition, ensuring the preservation and implementation of Allah's guidance.

In summary, Nabis are chosen by Allah to guide their communities, possess the ability to interpret divine revelations, set an example through their character and actions, understand the needs of their people, and reinforce existing divine laws.

Rasool: The Messenger

A Rasool, meaning "messenger" in Arabic, is a prophet who is bestowed with a specific scripture or set of laws from Allah. Rasools are sent to deliver a new message, often to a specific nation or community, with the purpose of establishing a new religious code and correcting any deviations from the previous revelations.

One of the primary attributes of a Rasool is their role as a legislator. They are entrusted with the responsibility of delivering a new scripture, which becomes the guiding source of law for their community. Rasools are given the authority to establish new rituals, practices, and regulations that are specific to their message.

Rasools are also known for their ability to perform miracles, which serve as a sign of their divine appointment and reinforce the authenticity of their message. These miracles are often extraordinary events that defy the laws of nature, demonstrating the power and support of Allah behind the Rasool's mission.

Furthermore, Rasools are sent to address specific challenges and deviations that may have arisen within their community. They provide guidance and correction, ensuring that the message of Allah is preserved in its purest form. Rasools are also responsible for spreading the message beyond their immediate community, often encountering resistance and opposition in their mission.

In summary, Rasools are chosen by Allah to deliver a new scripture, establish a new religious code, legislate new laws and practices, perform miracles as a sign of their divine appointment, address deviations within their community, and spread the message to a wider audience.


While both Nabi and Rasool are messengers of Allah, they possess distinct attributes and roles within the prophetic tradition. Nabis are chosen to guide their communities, interpret divine revelations, set an example through their character, and reinforce existing divine laws. On the other hand, Rasools are entrusted with delivering a new scripture, establishing a new religious code, legislating new laws and practices, performing miracles, addressing deviations, and spreading the message to a wider audience.

Both Nabis and Rasools play crucial roles in the preservation and dissemination of Allah's guidance. Their contributions have shaped the Islamic faith and continue to inspire believers to this day. Understanding the unique attributes of Nabi and Rasool allows us to appreciate the diversity and richness of the prophetic tradition within Islam.

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