What's the Difference?

LDPE (Low-Density Polyethylene) and PP (Polypropylene) are both types of thermoplastic polymers commonly used in various applications. However, they have distinct differences. LDPE is known for its flexibility, transparency, and excellent chemical resistance, making it suitable for products like plastic bags, squeeze bottles, and food packaging. On the other hand, PP is more rigid, has a higher melting point, and offers better heat resistance. It is commonly used in products such as food containers, automotive parts, and medical devices. While LDPE is more flexible and transparent, PP is more rigid and heat-resistant, making them suitable for different applications based on their unique properties.


Molecular StructureLinearLinear
Density (g/cm³)0.91-0.930.89-0.91
Melting Point (°C)105-115130-171
Tensile Strength (MPa)10-1725-40
Chemical ResistanceGoodExcellent
Environmental ImpactLowLow

Further Detail


When it comes to plastic materials, LDPE (Low-Density Polyethylene) and PP (Polypropylene) are two commonly used polymers. Both LDPE and PP have unique attributes that make them suitable for various applications. In this article, we will explore and compare the key characteristics of LDPE and PP, including their physical properties, chemical resistance, environmental impact, and common uses.

Physical Properties

LDPE is a flexible and lightweight polymer with a relatively low melting point. It has a density ranging from 0.910 to 0.940 g/cm³, which contributes to its excellent flexibility and impact resistance. On the other hand, PP is a stiffer and more rigid material compared to LDPE. It has a higher melting point, typically ranging from 130 to 171°C, and a density of around 0.90 to 0.91 g/cm³. The higher density of PP gives it better stiffness and strength compared to LDPE.

Chemical Resistance

Both LDPE and PP exhibit good chemical resistance, but there are some differences between the two. LDPE is more resistant to acids, bases, and alcohols, making it suitable for applications involving these substances. It is also more resistant to stress cracking compared to PP. On the other hand, PP has better resistance to solvents, oils, and greases. This makes PP a preferred choice for containers and packaging materials that come into contact with these substances.

Environmental Impact

When it comes to environmental impact, LDPE and PP have different characteristics. LDPE is considered a more environmentally friendly option due to its lower energy consumption during production and recycling processes. It is also more readily recyclable compared to PP. On the other hand, PP has a higher melting point, which allows it to withstand higher temperatures during processing and use. This makes PP more suitable for applications where heat resistance is required, reducing the need for frequent replacements and potential waste.

Common Uses

LDPE and PP find applications in various industries due to their unique attributes. LDPE is commonly used for packaging materials such as plastic bags, shrink wraps, and squeeze bottles. Its flexibility and impact resistance make it ideal for these applications. Additionally, LDPE is used in agricultural films, wire and cable insulation, and even in medical devices such as disposable syringes.

PP, on the other hand, is widely used in the automotive industry for manufacturing car bumpers, interior trims, and battery cases. Its stiffness and strength make it suitable for these demanding applications. PP is also commonly used in food packaging, including microwave-safe containers, yogurt cups, and bottle caps. Its resistance to high temperatures and chemicals make it a preferred choice for these applications.


In conclusion, LDPE and PP are two versatile plastic materials with distinct attributes. LDPE offers excellent flexibility, impact resistance, and resistance to stress cracking, making it suitable for packaging, agricultural, and medical applications. On the other hand, PP provides better stiffness, strength, and resistance to solvents, oils, and greases, making it ideal for automotive, food packaging, and other applications requiring heat resistance. Understanding the differences between LDPE and PP allows manufacturers and consumers to choose the most appropriate material for their specific needs.

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