Kerala vs. Punjab

What's the Difference?

Kerala and Punjab are two states in India that have distinct cultural, geographical, and economic differences. Kerala, located in the southern part of the country, is known for its lush green landscapes, backwaters, and beautiful beaches. It is often referred to as "God's Own Country" and is famous for its Ayurvedic treatments and traditional dance forms like Kathakali. On the other hand, Punjab, situated in the northwestern region, is known for its fertile land, agricultural prosperity, and vibrant Punjabi culture. It is often called the "Land of Five Rivers" and is famous for its Bhangra dance, delicious cuisine, and warm hospitality. While Kerala has a high literacy rate and is known for its focus on education and healthcare, Punjab is known for its entrepreneurial spirit and industrial development. Despite their differences, both states have a rich cultural heritage and contribute significantly to India's diversity and growth.


Photo by Nature Photographer on Unsplash
Official LanguageMalayalamPunjabi
Area38,863 sq km50,362 sq km
Literacy Rate96.2%75.84%
Major IndustriesTourism, IT, AgricultureAgriculture, Manufacturing, Textiles
Famous Tourist SpotsMunnar, Alleppey, KochiGolden Temple, Jallianwala Bagh, Wagah Border
Photo by Prerna Sharma on Unsplash

Further Detail


Kerala and Punjab are two states in India that are known for their distinct cultural, geographical, and historical attributes. While Kerala is located in the southern part of India, Punjab is situated in the northwest. In this article, we will explore and compare various aspects of these two states, including their geography, climate, cuisine, language, and cultural traditions.


Kerala, often referred to as "God's Own Country," is known for its lush green landscapes, backwaters, and beautiful beaches. It is bordered by the Arabian Sea on the west and the Western Ghats on the east. The state is characterized by its network of interconnected canals, lakes, and lagoons, which attract tourists from all over the world.

Punjab, on the other hand, is a land of fertile plains and five rivers, namely the Beas, Chenab, Jhelum, Ravi, and Sutlej. It is known as the "Land of Five Rivers" and is primarily an agricultural state. The fertile soil of Punjab makes it one of the most productive agricultural regions in India.


Kerala has a tropical monsoon climate, with heavy rainfall during the monsoon season from June to September. The state experiences pleasant weather throughout the year, with temperatures ranging from 25 to 35 degrees Celsius. The high humidity and abundant rainfall contribute to the lush greenery and biodiversity of the region.

Punjab, on the other hand, has a semi-arid climate with extreme temperatures. Summers can be scorching hot, with temperatures soaring above 40 degrees Celsius, while winters can be chilly, with temperatures dropping below freezing point. The region receives less rainfall compared to Kerala, and irrigation plays a crucial role in sustaining agriculture.


Kerala is famous for its diverse and flavorful cuisine, which is primarily influenced by its coastal location and abundant use of spices. The traditional Kerala meal, known as "Sadya," is a grand feast served on a banana leaf and includes a variety of vegetarian dishes. Seafood, coconut, rice, and spices like black pepper, cardamom, and turmeric are key ingredients in Kerala's cuisine.

Punjab, on the other hand, is renowned for its rich and hearty cuisine. Punjabi food is known for its robust flavors and generous use of dairy products, such as ghee, butter, and yogurt. Popular Punjabi dishes include butter chicken, sarson da saag, makki di roti, and various types of tandoori bread. The cuisine is characterized by its use of spices like cumin, coriander, and garam masala.


The primary language spoken in Kerala is Malayalam. Malayalam is a Dravidian language and is widely spoken by the people of Kerala. It has its own unique script and is one of the 22 officially recognized languages of India.

Punjabi, on the other hand, is the official language of Punjab. It belongs to the Indo-Aryan language family and is spoken by a significant population in Punjab. Punjabi is known for its rich literature and is also one of the official languages of India.

Cultural Traditions

Kerala has a rich cultural heritage and is known for its classical dance form called Kathakali. Kathakali is a highly stylized dance-drama that combines elements of dance, music, and acting. The state is also famous for its traditional martial art form, Kalaripayattu, which is believed to be one of the oldest fighting systems in existence.

Punjab, on the other hand, is renowned for its vibrant and energetic folk dances, such as Bhangra and Giddha. Bhangra is a lively dance performed by men, characterized by energetic movements and the beat of the dhol drum. Giddha, on the other hand, is a traditional dance performed by women, which involves graceful movements and singing.


In conclusion, Kerala and Punjab are two states in India that possess unique attributes and cultural identities. While Kerala is known for its picturesque landscapes, backwaters, and flavorful cuisine, Punjab stands out for its fertile plains, robust cuisine, and vibrant cultural traditions. Both states have their own distinct charm and offer visitors a glimpse into the diverse cultural tapestry of India.

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