Curd vs. Yogurt

What's the Difference?

Curd and yogurt are both dairy products that are made from milk, but they differ in their texture, taste, and production process. Curd is a coagulated milk product that has a soft and creamy texture. It is made by adding an acidic substance like lemon juice or vinegar to warm milk, which causes the milk proteins to coagulate and form curds. On the other hand, yogurt is a fermented milk product that has a thick and smooth texture. It is made by adding specific strains of bacteria, such as Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus, to warm milk and allowing it to ferment for several hours. This fermentation process gives yogurt its tangy flavor and creamy consistency. While both curd and yogurt are nutritious and versatile, yogurt is often preferred for its probiotic benefits and wide range of flavors and varieties available in the market.


Photo by Mario Raj on Unsplash
IngredientsMilk, lemon juice/vinegarMilk, live bacterial cultures
TextureThick and creamyThick and creamy
TasteMild and tangyTangy
Preparation TimeQuick and easyRequires fermentation
Probiotic ContentMay varyContains live cultures
Health BenefitsRich in calcium and proteinImproves digestion, boosts immunity
Photo by Sara Cervera on Unsplash

Further Detail


Curd and yogurt are two popular dairy products that are widely consumed across the globe. While they may seem similar, there are distinct differences between the two in terms of their production process, taste, texture, nutritional content, and health benefits. In this article, we will delve into the attributes of curd and yogurt, highlighting their unique characteristics and helping you understand which one might be more suitable for your preferences and dietary needs.

Production Process

Curd and yogurt are both made from milk, but they undergo different processes to reach their final form. Curd is typically made by adding an acidic substance, such as lemon juice or vinegar, to warm milk. The acid causes the milk to curdle, separating it into solid curds and liquid whey. The curds are then strained, resulting in a thick and creamy product.

On the other hand, yogurt is made by fermenting milk with specific strains of bacteria, namely Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus. These bacteria convert the lactose in milk into lactic acid, which gives yogurt its tangy flavor and thick texture. The fermentation process also enhances the shelf life of yogurt and contributes to its probiotic properties.

Taste and Texture

When it comes to taste, curd and yogurt have distinct flavor profiles. Curd has a mild and slightly tangy taste, which can vary depending on the type of acid used during the curdling process. It has a creamy texture with small curds that melt in your mouth.

Yogurt, on the other hand, has a tangier and more pronounced flavor due to the lactic acid produced during fermentation. It has a smooth and velvety texture, often described as creamy and custard-like. The consistency of yogurt can range from thick and spoonable to thin and drinkable, depending on the specific variety.

Nutritional Content

Both curd and yogurt are excellent sources of essential nutrients, including protein, calcium, vitamins, and minerals. However, there are slight differences in their nutritional content. Curd is generally higher in protein compared to yogurt, making it a favorable choice for individuals looking to increase their protein intake. It is also rich in calcium, which is crucial for maintaining healthy bones and teeth.

Yogurt, on the other hand, contains a higher concentration of probiotics, which are beneficial bacteria that support gut health and boost the immune system. These probiotics aid in digestion, improve nutrient absorption, and may even help alleviate certain gastrointestinal conditions. Additionally, yogurt is often fortified with vitamin D, further enhancing its nutritional value.

Health Benefits

Both curd and yogurt offer numerous health benefits, thanks to their nutrient profiles and probiotic content. Curd is known for its high protein content, which helps in muscle building and repair. It also contains beneficial bacteria that promote a healthy gut microbiome, aiding in digestion and preventing digestive disorders.

Yogurt, with its probiotic properties, supports a healthy immune system and can help prevent and manage various gastrointestinal issues, such as diarrhea, constipation, and irritable bowel syndrome. The probiotics in yogurt also contribute to improved lactose digestion, making it a suitable option for individuals with lactose intolerance.

Usage and Culinary Applications

Curd and yogurt are versatile ingredients that can be used in a variety of culinary applications. Curd is commonly used in Indian cuisine, where it is enjoyed as a side dish, used as a marinade for meat, or incorporated into desserts like lassi or shrikhand. It can also be used as a substitute for sour cream or cream cheese in certain recipes.

Yogurt, on the other hand, is widely consumed as a standalone snack, added to smoothies, or used as a base for dressings, dips, and sauces. It can be enjoyed with fruits, granola, or honey for a nutritious breakfast or used as a tenderizing agent for meat due to its natural acidity. Yogurt is also a popular ingredient in baking, as it adds moisture and tenderness to cakes, muffins, and bread.


In conclusion, while curd and yogurt share similarities as dairy products, they differ in terms of their production process, taste, texture, nutritional content, and health benefits. Curd is made by curdling milk with an acid, resulting in a mild and creamy product, while yogurt is produced through the fermentation of milk with specific bacteria, yielding a tangy and smooth-textured delight. Curd is higher in protein, while yogurt contains more probiotics. Both curd and yogurt have their unique culinary applications, making them versatile ingredients in various cuisines. Ultimately, the choice between curd and yogurt depends on personal preference, dietary requirements, and the desired health benefits. So, whether you prefer the creamy curd or the tangy yogurt, both can be enjoyed as part of a balanced diet.

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