Cricket vs. Grasshopper

What's the Difference?

Cricket and grasshopper are both insects belonging to the same family, Orthoptera, and share several similarities. They have similar body structures, with long hind legs adapted for jumping and wings for flight. Both insects produce sounds by rubbing their wings or legs together, although crickets are known for their distinctive chirping sound, while grasshoppers produce a buzzing or clicking noise. However, there are also notable differences between the two. Crickets are nocturnal insects, active during the night, while grasshoppers are diurnal, active during the day. Additionally, crickets are known for their ability to dig burrows in the ground, while grasshoppers are more commonly found in grassy areas or on plants.


Photo by Yogendra Singh on Unsplash
SizeSmall to mediumSmall to medium
WingsMost species have wingsMost species have wings
FlightCan flyCan fly
Sound ProductionMale crickets chirpMale grasshoppers chirp
AntennaeLong and thinShort and thick
LegsLong and slenderLong and slender
ColorVaries, often brown or blackVaries, often green or brown
HabitatGrasslands, forests, urban areasGrasslands, forests, urban areas
Photo by Elegance Nairobi on Unsplash

Further Detail


Cricket and grasshopper are both fascinating insects that belong to the same family, Orthoptera. While they share some similarities, they also have distinct attributes that set them apart. In this article, we will explore the various characteristics of these two insects, including their physical appearance, behavior, habitat, diet, and unique adaptations.

Physical Appearance

Cricket and grasshopper have similar body structures, with three main parts: head, thorax, and abdomen. However, there are noticeable differences in their physical appearance. Crickets typically have long, slender antennae that are as long as or longer than their body. They also have wings that lie flat on their back. In contrast, grasshoppers have shorter antennae and wings that extend beyond their abdomen, allowing them to fly longer distances. Additionally, grasshoppers often have vibrant colors and patterns on their bodies, while crickets are usually brown or black.


When it comes to behavior, crickets and grasshoppers exhibit some contrasting traits. Crickets are known for their chirping sound, produced by rubbing their wings together. This chirping is primarily a mating call, attracting females to the males. On the other hand, grasshoppers produce a buzzing or clicking sound by rubbing their hind legs against their wings. This sound is used as a warning signal or to establish territory. Both insects are primarily active during the day, but crickets are more nocturnal, while grasshoppers are diurnal.


Cricket and grasshopper can be found in various habitats, but they tend to prefer different environments. Crickets are commonly found in dark and damp places such as caves, forests, and grassy areas. They are also known to inhabit human-made structures like basements and attics. On the other hand, grasshoppers thrive in open fields, meadows, and grasslands. They are well-adapted to living in areas with abundant vegetation, as it provides them with ample food sources and hiding places.


Both crickets and grasshoppers are herbivorous insects, but their diets differ slightly. Crickets primarily feed on decaying plant matter, fungi, and organic debris. They are also known to consume fruits, vegetables, and even their own dead. Grasshoppers, on the other hand, have a more diverse diet. They feed on grass, leaves, flowers, and various plant parts. Grasshoppers are considered pests in agricultural areas as they can cause significant damage to crops if their populations are not controlled.

Unique Adaptations

Cricket and grasshopper have evolved unique adaptations that aid in their survival. Crickets have well-developed hind legs that allow them to jump long distances, helping them escape from predators or catch prey. They also have specialized hearing organs, called tympana, located on their front legs, enabling them to detect the high-frequency sounds produced by other crickets. Grasshoppers, on the other hand, have powerful hind legs built for jumping and flying. Their wings are essential for escaping predators and covering long distances quickly. Some grasshopper species also have the ability to change their body coloration to blend in with their surroundings, providing camouflage and protection.


In conclusion, while cricket and grasshopper belong to the same family, they have distinct attributes that differentiate them. From their physical appearance to behavior, habitat, diet, and unique adaptations, these insects showcase fascinating characteristics. Understanding these differences allows us to appreciate the diversity of the natural world and the incredible adaptations that have evolved over time.

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