Constituição Brasileira vs. Constituição Francesa

What's the Difference?

The Constituição Brasileira and Constituição Francesa are both foundational documents that outline the principles and framework of their respective countries' governments. However, there are some key differences between the two. The Constituição Brasileira, adopted in 1988, is a more recent document that reflects Brazil's transition to democracy after years of military rule. It emphasizes social rights and equality, including provisions for healthcare, education, and social security. In contrast, the Constituição Francesa, adopted in 1958, is more focused on individual rights and freedoms, with a strong emphasis on the separation of powers and the protection of civil liberties. Additionally, the French constitution has been amended numerous times, reflecting the country's long history and evolving political landscape.


AttributeConstituição BrasileiraConstituição Francesa
Year of adoption19881958
Number of articles25089
Form of governmentFederal RepublicUnitary Republic
Head of StatePresidentPresident
Separation of powersYesYes

Further Detail


Constitutions are the fundamental laws that govern a country, outlining the rights and responsibilities of its citizens and the structure of its government. In this article, we will compare the attributes of the Constituição Brasileira (Brazilian Constitution) and the Constituição Francesa (French Constitution), two important documents that shape the legal systems of their respective countries.

Historical Background

The Constituição Brasileira was promulgated in 1988, following the end of a military dictatorship in Brazil. It was a significant moment in the country's history, as it marked the transition to democracy and the establishment of a new legal framework. On the other hand, the Constituição Francesa dates back to 1958, when it was adopted during the Fifth Republic of France. It was created to provide stability and continuity in the French political system.

Structure and Content

Both the Constituição Brasileira and the Constituição Francesa are comprehensive documents that cover a wide range of topics. They establish the basic principles of the state, such as the separation of powers, the protection of individual rights, and the organization of the government. However, there are some differences in their structure and content. For example, the Constituição Brasileira includes specific provisions on social rights, such as the right to education and healthcare, which are not as prominent in the Constituição Francesa.

Protection of Rights

One of the key functions of a constitution is to protect the rights of citizens. Both the Constituição Brasileira and the Constituição Francesa contain provisions that guarantee fundamental rights, such as freedom of speech, religion, and assembly. However, there are differences in the way these rights are protected. For example, the Constituição Brasileira includes provisions on economic, social, and cultural rights, reflecting the country's commitment to social justice and equality.

Role of the Judiciary

The judiciary plays a crucial role in upholding the constitution and ensuring that the government acts within its legal limits. In both Brazil and France, the judiciary is independent and has the power to review the constitutionality of laws and government actions. However, there are differences in the way the judiciary is structured and operates. For example, the Brazilian judiciary is divided into federal and state courts, while the French judiciary is based on a system of administrative and judicial courts.

Amendment Process

Constitutions are meant to be enduring documents, but they also need to be flexible enough to adapt to changing circumstances. Both the Constituição Brasileira and the Constituição Francesa have provisions for amending the constitution, but the process is different in each country. In Brazil, amendments require a three-fifths majority in both houses of Congress, while in France, amendments must be approved by a three-fifths majority in a joint session of Parliament.


In conclusion, the Constituição Brasileira and the Constituição Francesa are important documents that shape the legal systems of Brazil and France, respectively. While they share some common attributes, such as the protection of fundamental rights and the separation of powers, there are also differences in their structure, content, and amendment processes. By understanding these differences, we can gain a deeper insight into the legal and political systems of these two countries.

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