Conservadores vs. Liberales

What's the Difference?

Conservadores and Liberales are two opposing political factions in Latin America that have historically been at odds with each other. Conservadores are typically associated with traditional values, social hierarchy, and a strong central government, while Liberales advocate for individual freedoms, free markets, and limited government intervention. Conservadores tend to support conservative social policies and are often aligned with the interests of the wealthy elite, while Liberales prioritize economic growth and social progress. The rivalry between these two factions has shaped the political landscape of many Latin American countries and continues to influence policy decisions and political discourse.


Economic PolicySupports free market capitalismSupports government intervention in the economy
Social PolicyTraditionally conservative valuesSupports individual freedoms and rights
Role of GovernmentBelieves in limited government involvementBelieves in active government involvement
Foreign PolicyEmphasizes national security and sovereigntyEmphasizes international cooperation and diplomacy

Further Detail

Historical Background

Conservadores and Liberales are two political factions that have played significant roles in the history of Latin America. The Conservadores, also known as Conservatives, typically represent traditional values, hierarchy, and a strong central government. They often have ties to the Catholic Church and advocate for maintaining the status quo. On the other hand, Liberales, or Liberals, tend to support individual freedoms, free markets, and limited government intervention. They are often associated with secularism and progressive social policies.

Economic Policies

When it comes to economic policies, Conservadores and Liberales have distinct approaches. Conservadores generally favor protectionist measures to support local industries and maintain stability in the economy. They may advocate for tariffs and subsidies to protect domestic producers. In contrast, Liberales believe in free trade and open markets. They argue that competition leads to efficiency and innovation, and that government intervention in the economy should be minimal.

Social Policies

On social issues, Conservadores and Liberales often have divergent views. Conservadores tend to be more traditional in their values and may oppose social reforms such as same-sex marriage or abortion. They prioritize family values and religious beliefs in shaping social policies. Liberales, on the other hand, are more likely to support progressive social reforms and advocate for individual rights. They may push for policies that promote equality and diversity in society.

Role of Government

The role of government is a key point of contention between Conservadores and Liberales. Conservadores believe in a strong central government that provides stability and order in society. They may support authoritarian measures to maintain control and uphold traditional values. In contrast, Liberales advocate for limited government intervention and individual freedoms. They argue that government should be minimal and focus on protecting rights and promoting economic opportunity.

Foreign Policy

When it comes to foreign policy, Conservadores and Liberales may have different priorities. Conservadores may prioritize national sovereignty and security, advocating for a strong military and protectionist trade policies. They may be more cautious in engaging with other countries and prefer to maintain traditional alliances. Liberales, on the other hand, may prioritize diplomacy and international cooperation. They may support free trade agreements and multilateral organizations to promote peace and prosperity.


In conclusion, Conservadores and Liberales represent two distinct political ideologies with contrasting views on various issues. While Conservadores tend to favor traditional values, strong central government, and protectionist economic policies, Liberales advocate for individual freedoms, limited government intervention, and progressive social reforms. Understanding the differences between these two factions is essential for analyzing political dynamics in Latin America and beyond.

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