CDMA EV-DO Network Technology vs. HSPA Network Technology

What's the Difference?

CDMA EV-DO (Code Division Multiple Access Evolution-Data Optimized) and HSPA (High-Speed Packet Access) are both network technologies used for mobile communication. CDMA EV-DO is a 3G technology that provides high-speed data transmission over CDMA networks. It offers faster download and upload speeds compared to traditional CDMA networks. On the other hand, HSPA is a 3G and 4G technology that combines both HSDPA (High-Speed Downlink Packet Access) and HSUPA (High-Speed Uplink Packet Access). HSPA offers faster data speeds and improved network capacity compared to CDMA EV-DO. It is widely used by GSM-based networks and provides a smoother transition to 4G LTE technology. Overall, while both technologies offer high-speed data transmission, HSPA has a slight edge in terms of speed and network capacity.


AttributeCDMA EV-DO Network TechnologyHSPA Network Technology
Technology TypeCDMAWCDMA
Maximum Download Speed2.4 Mbps42 Mbps
Maximum Upload Speed153.6 Kbps5.76 Mbps
Frequency Bands800 MHz, 1900 MHz850 MHz, 900 MHz, 1900 MHz, 2100 MHz
Technology EvolutionCDMA2000 1xRTT → CDMA2000 1xEV-DO Rev 0 → CDMA2000 1xEV-DO Rev AWCDMA → HSPA → HSPA+ → HSPA+ Dual Carrier → HSPA+ MIMO → HSPA+ MIMO Dual Carrier
Backward CompatibilityCDMA2000 1xRTTWCDMA
Deployment StatusLegacy technology, limited deploymentWidely deployed

Further Detail


As the demand for high-speed mobile data continues to grow, different network technologies have emerged to meet the needs of users. Two prominent technologies in the mobile telecommunications industry are CDMA EV-DO (Code Division Multiple Access Evolution-Data Optimized) and HSPA (High-Speed Packet Access). While both technologies provide high-speed data transmission, they differ in several key attributes, including network architecture, data transfer rates, coverage, and device compatibility.

Network Architecture

CDMA EV-DO and HSPA networks have distinct network architectures. CDMA EV-DO is based on CDMA technology, which uses spread spectrum techniques to allow multiple users to share the same frequency band simultaneously. This technology divides the available spectrum into small code channels, enabling multiple users to transmit and receive data simultaneously. On the other hand, HSPA is based on WCDMA (Wideband Code Division Multiple Access) technology, which is an evolution of the original CDMA technology. HSPA networks use a combination of CDMA and Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA) techniques to increase data transfer rates.

CDMA EV-DO networks typically have a hierarchical structure, with base stations connected to a central controller. This architecture allows for efficient management of network resources and enables seamless handoffs between base stations. In contrast, HSPA networks have a flatter architecture, with base stations connected to a central node. This architecture provides greater flexibility in network deployment and allows for easier scalability.

Data Transfer Rates

One of the most important factors when comparing network technologies is data transfer rates. CDMA EV-DO and HSPA offer different maximum data transfer rates, which directly impact the user experience. CDMA EV-DO networks typically provide download speeds ranging from 600 Kbps to 2.4 Mbps, with peak rates of up to 3.1 Mbps. Upload speeds are generally lower, ranging from 50 Kbps to 1.8 Mbps. On the other hand, HSPA networks offer faster data transfer rates, with download speeds ranging from 1.8 Mbps to 14.4 Mbps, and peak rates of up to 42 Mbps. Upload speeds in HSPA networks are also higher, ranging from 384 Kbps to 5.76 Mbps.

It is important to note that the actual data transfer rates experienced by users may vary depending on various factors, including network congestion, signal strength, and the capabilities of the user's device. However, in general, HSPA networks provide faster data transfer rates compared to CDMA EV-DO networks.


Another important aspect to consider when comparing CDMA EV-DO and HSPA is network coverage. CDMA EV-DO networks have been widely deployed in North America and some parts of Asia, providing extensive coverage in these regions. However, CDMA EV-DO coverage is limited in other parts of the world, making it less accessible for international travelers or users in regions where CDMA EV-DO networks are not available.

On the other hand, HSPA networks have achieved global coverage, with widespread deployment in Europe, Asia, and North America. This global coverage makes HSPA a more attractive option for users who require seamless connectivity while traveling internationally or in areas where CDMA EV-DO networks are not available.

Device Compatibility

Device compatibility is another crucial factor to consider when comparing CDMA EV-DO and HSPA technologies. CDMA EV-DO networks require specific hardware and devices that support CDMA technology. This means that users must have CDMA-compatible devices to access CDMA EV-DO networks. While CDMA-compatible devices are widely available, the limited global deployment of CDMA EV-DO networks may restrict the availability of compatible devices in certain regions.

On the other hand, HSPA networks are compatible with a broader range of devices. HSPA technology is widely adopted by major mobile network operators worldwide, leading to a wide variety of HSPA-compatible devices, including smartphones, tablets, and mobile hotspots. This compatibility makes HSPA networks more accessible to a larger user base and allows users to choose from a wider range of devices.


CDMA EV-DO and HSPA are two prominent network technologies that provide high-speed data transmission. While both technologies have their strengths and weaknesses, they differ in network architecture, data transfer rates, coverage, and device compatibility. CDMA EV-DO networks are based on CDMA technology, offer lower data transfer rates, have limited global coverage, and require specific CDMA-compatible devices. On the other hand, HSPA networks are based on WCDMA technology, provide faster data transfer rates, have global coverage, and are compatible with a wider range of devices. Ultimately, the choice between CDMA EV-DO and HSPA depends on the user's specific needs, geographical location, and device compatibility requirements.

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