BJP vs. Indian National Congress

What's the Difference?

The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and the Indian National Congress are two major political parties in India with contrasting ideologies and approaches. The BJP, a right-wing party, advocates for Hindu nationalism and emphasizes cultural and religious identity. It promotes economic liberalization and a strong national defense. On the other hand, the Indian National Congress, a center-left party, focuses on secularism, social justice, and inclusive governance. It emphasizes welfare programs, poverty alleviation, and minority rights. While the BJP has gained significant popularity in recent years, the Indian National Congress has a long-standing history and has been in power for several terms. Both parties have played crucial roles in shaping India's political landscape and have different visions for the country's future.


AttributeBJPIndian National Congress
IdeologyHindutva, NationalismSocialism, Secularism
Current PresidentJagat Prakash NaddaSonia Gandhi
Political PositionRight-wingCenter-left
Number of Seats in Lok Sabha (2021)30352
Number of Seats in Rajya Sabha (2021)8340
Majority in State Governments (2021)MultipleMultiple
Official SymbolLotusHand
Major AchievementsImplementation of GST, DemonetizationIndependence Movement, Green Revolution

Further Detail


The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and the Indian National Congress (INC) are two prominent political parties in India. Both parties have played significant roles in shaping the country's political landscape. While the BJP is often associated with right-wing ideologies, the INC is considered a center-left party. In this article, we will compare the attributes of these two parties, including their ideologies, leadership, policies, and electoral performance.


The BJP is known for its ideology of Hindutva, which emphasizes the cultural and religious identity of India's majority Hindu population. The party advocates for a strong and unified India, with a focus on national security and economic development. On the other hand, the INC follows a more secular and inclusive ideology, promoting social justice, equality, and the rights of religious and ethnic minorities. The party has historically championed the cause of the underprivileged and marginalized sections of society.


The BJP has been led by prominent figures such as Atal Bihari Vajpayee, L.K. Advani, and currently, Narendra Modi. Modi, who became the Prime Minister of India in 2014, is known for his charismatic leadership and strong administrative skills. Under his leadership, the BJP has implemented various initiatives such as "Make in India" and "Digital India" to boost economic growth and modernize the country. On the other hand, the INC has been led by iconic leaders like Jawaharlal Nehru, Indira Gandhi, and Sonia Gandhi. Rahul Gandhi, the son of Sonia Gandhi, has also held leadership positions within the party. The INC has a long history of promoting secularism and social welfare programs.


The BJP has focused on economic liberalization, privatization, and deregulation to stimulate economic growth. The party has also prioritized infrastructure development, rural electrification, and the expansion of digital connectivity. Additionally, the BJP has taken a strong stance on national security, implementing policies to combat terrorism and strengthen defense capabilities. The INC, on the other hand, has traditionally advocated for a mixed economy, with a greater role for the public sector. The party has emphasized social welfare programs, including poverty alleviation, rural development, and education reforms. The INC has also been vocal about the need for inclusive growth and the protection of minority rights.

Electoral Performance

The BJP has experienced significant electoral success in recent years. In the 2014 general elections, the party won a majority of seats in the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Indian Parliament, allowing Narendra Modi to become the Prime Minister. The BJP's popularity has been attributed to its focus on economic development, national security, and effective communication strategies. The party has also made significant inroads in various state elections across India. On the other hand, the INC has faced challenges in recent years, with a decline in its electoral performance. However, the party still maintains a strong presence in certain states and continues to be a significant political force.


The BJP and the INC are two major political parties in India, each with its own distinct attributes. While the BJP promotes a right-wing ideology, emphasizing national security and economic development, the INC follows a more secular and inclusive approach, focusing on social justice and welfare programs. Both parties have had influential leaders and have implemented policies aligned with their respective ideologies. The BJP has experienced significant electoral success in recent years, while the INC has faced challenges but remains a prominent political force. As India's political landscape continues to evolve, the roles and attributes of these parties will undoubtedly shape the country's future.

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