What's the Difference?

The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and the Indian National Congress (INC) are two of the largest political parties in India with contrasting ideologies and approaches to governance. The BJP is known for its Hindu nationalist agenda and emphasis on economic development, while the INC has a more secular and socialist-leaning platform. The BJP has been in power in recent years, promoting a strong leader-centric approach, while the INC has a more decentralized leadership structure. Both parties have a long history in Indian politics and have played significant roles in shaping the country's political landscape.


IdeologyHindutva, NationalismSecularism, Socialism
Current LeaderNarendra ModiSonia Gandhi
Political PositionRight-wingCenter-left
Number of Seats in Lok Sabha30352

Further Detail


The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) was founded in 1980 and is considered the political arm of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), a Hindu nationalist organization. The BJP has its roots in the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, which was formed in 1951. On the other hand, the Indian National Congress (INC) is one of the oldest political parties in India, founded in 1885. It played a crucial role in the Indian independence movement and has been in power for most of India's post-independence history.


The BJP is known for its Hindu nationalist ideology, advocating for the protection and promotion of Hindu culture and values. It also emphasizes national security and a strong stance against terrorism. In contrast, the INC is a secular party that promotes a pluralistic society and inclusive development. It focuses on social welfare programs and economic reforms to uplift the marginalized sections of society.


The BJP is currently led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who has been in office since 2014. Modi is known for his strong leadership style and focus on economic development. The INC, on the other hand, is led by Sonia Gandhi, who is the interim president of the party. The Gandhi family has played a prominent role in the INC's leadership for several generations.

Electoral Performance

The BJP has seen significant electoral success in recent years, winning a majority in the 2014 and 2019 general elections. It has also formed governments in several states across India. The INC, on the other hand, has faced electoral setbacks in recent years, losing power in many states and failing to make a significant impact in national elections.

Economic Policies

The BJP has focused on economic reforms such as demonetization and the implementation of the Goods and Services Tax (GST). It has also promoted initiatives like Make in India and Digital India to boost manufacturing and technology sectors. The INC, on the other hand, has emphasized social welfare programs like the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) and the National Food Security Act to provide employment and food security to the poor.

Foreign Policy

The BJP government has pursued a more assertive foreign policy, strengthening ties with countries like the United States and Israel. It has also taken a tough stance on issues like terrorism and border disputes with neighboring countries. The INC, on the other hand, has traditionally followed a more diplomatic approach in foreign relations, focusing on non-alignment and multilateralism.

Social Issues

The BJP has been criticized for its stance on social issues like cow protection and religious conversions. It has faced allegations of promoting a majoritarian agenda that discriminates against minority communities. The INC, on the other hand, has been more inclusive in its approach to social issues, advocating for the rights of all communities and promoting secularism.


In conclusion, the BJP and INC are two major political parties in India with distinct ideologies and approaches to governance. While the BJP emphasizes Hindu nationalism and economic development, the INC focuses on secularism and social welfare. Both parties have their strengths and weaknesses, and their competition shapes the political landscape of India.

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