Airbus A380 vs. Boeing 747

What's the Difference?

The Airbus A380 and Boeing 747 are two of the most iconic and largest commercial aircraft in the world. While both planes are designed to carry a large number of passengers, they differ in various aspects. The A380, manufactured by Airbus, boasts a double-deck configuration, allowing it to accommodate up to 853 passengers in a typical three-class seating arrangement. On the other hand, the Boeing 747, produced by Boeing, has a distinctive hump on its upper deck, providing additional space for passengers or cargo. The A380 is known for its spaciousness, quietness, and advanced technology, while the 747 is renowned for its long-range capabilities and versatility, being used for both passenger and cargo operations. Ultimately, both aircraft have their unique features and have made significant contributions to the aviation industry.


AttributeAirbus A380Boeing 747
First Flight27 April 20059 February 1969
Introduction25 October 200722 January 1970
RoleWide-body jet airlinerWide-body jet airliner
Seats (Typical)525 (4-class)366 (3-class)
Length72.72 m (238 ft 7 in)70.66 m (231 ft 10 in)
Wingspan79.75 m (261 ft 6 in)64.44 m (211 ft 5 in)
Height24.09 m (79 ft 0 in)19.41 m (63 ft 8 in)
Maximum Takeoff Weight1,234,000 kg (1,234 t)439,985 kg (439.99 t)
Range8,000 nmi (14,800 km)7,260 nmi (13,450 km)
Engines4 x Rolls-Royce Trent 9004 x General Electric CF6-80C2B1F
Cruising Speed903 km/h (487 kn)913 km/h (493 kn)

Further Detail


The Airbus A380 and Boeing 747 are two of the most iconic and recognizable aircraft in the world. These jumbo jets have revolutionized air travel, offering unparalleled capacity and range. In this article, we will compare the attributes of the Airbus A380 and Boeing 747, exploring their design, performance, passenger experience, and market success.


Both the Airbus A380 and Boeing 747 are wide-body, double-deck aircraft, but they differ in their design approach. The A380 features a full-length upper deck, spanning the entire length of the fuselage, providing more usable space for passengers. On the other hand, the Boeing 747 has a distinctive hump on the forward section of the upper deck, which allows for a spacious cockpit and additional cargo capacity.

When it comes to size, the A380 is the largest commercial aircraft ever built, with a maximum seating capacity of up to 853 passengers in a typical configuration. In contrast, the Boeing 747 can accommodate around 416 to 524 passengers, depending on the variant. The A380's larger size allows for more spacious cabins and the potential for luxurious amenities, such as onboard lounges and bars.


In terms of performance, the Airbus A380 and Boeing 747 have different strengths. The A380 boasts impressive fuel efficiency, thanks to its advanced aerodynamics and efficient engines. It can fly up to 8,000 nautical miles, making it ideal for long-haul flights. Additionally, the A380's four engines provide redundancy, enhancing safety and allowing it to operate on routes with limited diversion options.

On the other hand, the Boeing 747 has a proven track record of reliability and versatility. It has a slightly shorter range than the A380, typically around 7,260 nautical miles, but it excels in its ability to operate from a wide range of airports, including those with shorter runways. This flexibility makes the 747 a popular choice for both long-haul and regional routes.

Furthermore, the Boeing 747 has a higher cruising speed compared to the A380. While the A380 typically cruises at Mach 0.85, the 747 can reach speeds of Mach 0.855, allowing for slightly faster travel times on certain routes.

Passenger Experience

When it comes to passenger experience, both the Airbus A380 and Boeing 747 offer unique features. The A380's spacious cabin allows airlines to create comfortable seating arrangements, with wider seats and more legroom. Some airlines have even introduced luxurious first-class suites and private cabins on the A380, providing an unparalleled level of comfort and privacy for premium passengers.

The Boeing 747, with its iconic upper deck, offers a sense of exclusivity and charm. Passengers seated on the upper deck can enjoy panoramic views from the large windows, creating a memorable flying experience. Additionally, the 747's hump design allows for a quieter cabin, as the engines are located further away from the main passenger area.

Both aircraft also prioritize passenger comfort through advanced noise reduction technology and improved air quality systems. However, the A380's larger size and advanced engineering contribute to a quieter and smoother flight experience, minimizing turbulence and enhancing overall passenger comfort.

Market Success

While both the Airbus A380 and Boeing 747 have made significant contributions to the aviation industry, their market success has varied. The A380 faced challenges in terms of demand, with fewer airlines opting for the superjumbo due to its high operating costs and limited airport infrastructure capable of accommodating its size. As a result, Airbus announced the discontinuation of A380 production in 2019.

On the other hand, the Boeing 747 has enjoyed a long and successful history. Since its introduction in 1969, the 747 has been a staple in the fleets of many airlines worldwide. It has been widely used for both passenger and cargo operations, with the ability to transport large volumes of goods in its spacious lower deck. Although the production of new passenger variants has ceased, the 747 continues to be produced as a freighter, highlighting its enduring market demand.


In conclusion, the Airbus A380 and Boeing 747 are remarkable aircraft that have left an indelible mark on the aviation industry. While the A380 offers unparalleled capacity and passenger comfort, its market success has been limited. On the other hand, the Boeing 747 has proven to be a versatile and reliable workhorse, with a rich history and continued demand in the cargo sector. Both aircraft have their unique attributes and have played significant roles in shaping the future of air travel.

Comparisons may contain inaccurate information about people, places, or facts. Please report any issues.